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The Templar Knight's Crusader Map of Jerusalem

ASAG Journal

Art & History Guest Writers

This early 12th century crusaders’ map of Jerusalem celebrates their conquests during the first crusade and represents the city as round and full of churches and other religious sites.

The Siege of Jerusalem took place from June 7 to July 15, 1099, during the First Crusade. The climax of the First Crusade saw the Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Fatimid Caliphate and subsequently lay the foundations for the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The 1099 siege is notable for mass slaughter which was savage and widespread. Previous to this event the city had been under Muslim rule for 450 years.

After the The First Crusade it became the capital of the Christian Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, until it was again conquered by the Ayyubids in 1187. For the next forty years, a series of Christian campaigns (the Third, Fourth and Fifth Crusades) attempted in vain to retake the city, until Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor leading the Sixth Crusade successfully negotiated its return in 1229.

In 1244, the city was taken by Khwarazmian troops. After 1260 the Ayyubid realm including Jerusalem was taken over by the Mamluks of Egypt and the city was gradually rebuilt during the later 13th century, while the shrinking coastal Crusader state was gradually defeated until its final demise in 1291.

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