Ancient Chinese art is known for its intricate and detailed designs, which are often influenced by religious or spiritual traditions. These artworks typically include depictions of natural landscapes, animals, and mythical creatures, as well as calligraphy and other forms of writing. Chinese artists also exhibit a strong sense of balance and harmony in their works, often using symmetrical compositions and precise brush strokes to create an overall feeling of unity and coherence. Traditional Chinese art is deeply ingrained within the country's cultural and historical roots, and continues to inspire contemporary artists and designers to this day.
The Tomb & The Terracotta Army
April 25, 2020
*A collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the army that still protects the tomb of the First Emperor of China today
In 1974, peasants in the countryside of Xi'an were digging a well and reached a depth of 4 meters. They discovered the head of a statue, its arms and the body all stylized in arms. They had just discovered one of the treasures of archaeology. Under their feet existed the terracotta copy of a Chinese army of 22 centuries ago. A 12,000 sqm pit along with 6,000 statues were discovered. Then, two more pits were discovered; one with 1000 warriors and another with the entire headquarters.
The army had a rectangular pattern. The warriors are still in combat formation and are spread over 38 columns. There are cavalry, archers, crossbowmen and then aurighi (charioteers) with 4 horse-drawn carts. They were executed with extreme precision by making perfect copies of real soldiers by assembling various pieces. Each warrior has unique facial features. The infantry, archers, generals, and cavalry are different in their expressions, clothing, and hairstyles. They are very tall and standing on guard. Every statue was colored and when seen from afar, had to look like a real army, motionless. The army is terracotta but in their hand, they had real weapons, all original; more than 10,000 were found: double-edged swords, still very sharp today; hundreds and hundreds of darts, arrowheads and very strange blades that were fixed on top of wooden rods and functioned like a lance. Sharp and squat spear tips emerged and sharp daggers have been perfectly preserved. Finally, the shooting mechanisms of wooden crossbows have emerged that have, of course, disappeared, but the metal part has been perfectly preserved. This is because, to prevent corrosion, the craftsmen used chrome laminates so that these weapons looked brand new.
Why was the terracotta army made? The first Emperor who unified China, Qin Shi Huang Di, wanted it. The tomb is buried under a large mound that originates a hill and the army was to protect the tomb but also the emperor himself in the afterlife. After his death, large riots took place and the peasants went to take up arms from the soldiers, destroying them and burning the wooden structure that covered them, collapsing on them. In 1987 the mausoleum was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Tomb & The Terracotta Army
Dated between 246-206 BCE, these pictured sculptures show the reproduction of the army that led the State of Qin, (end of the Warring States period, 476-221 BCE), to victory over their adversaries to result in the unification of the Chinese Empire.
It was by chance three of the 'graves' containing the famous terracotta warriors were discovered while some farmers were digging a well in Lintong County, about 30km away from Xi 'an, in 1974. They had unknowingly stumbled upon a massive funerary complex belonging to the first Chinese emperor in history, Qin Shihuang (Kingdom 221-210 BCE).
Archaeologists went on to excavate the entire army of terracotta warriors, totalling 8000 all dressed in armor, and equipped with weapons, meant to guard the tomb of their Emperor for eternity. They also found 18 wooden chariots and 100 terracotta horses at the site.
The Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang contains a large number of precious cultural relics, such as silk, fresco and paintings according to historical records, but has yet to be properly excavated.
There is an ancient border town in Hunan, China. Its name is Fenghuang Ancient Town. It is built on the mountain, facing the river, and the houses are mostly made of wood. Fenghuang Ancient Town's history can be dated back to the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC). The town as we can see it today was mostly built during the 43-year reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty in 1704, and the ancient buildings displaying the distinct Qing Dynasty style are well preserved.
Aerial shot of the Forbidden City, Beijing, China 🇨🇳
Built: 1406–1420 (Ming dynasty)
Architect: Kuai Xiang
Architectural style(s): Chinese architecture
Area: 72 hectares